This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical source that is secondary.

This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical source that is secondary.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing in regards to the initial or “target” text that could never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis may phone the credibility regarding the arguments for the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments associated with the lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation associated with two texts. In either case, you will end up producing a crucial “dialogue between texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to recognize the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it could be useful to develop a plan for the author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a lens that is valuable will “grapple with main a few ideas” of the lens text, instead of working with isolated quotes that will or is almost certainly not indicative regarding the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is essential to ensure that you certainly realize and may articulate the author’s details before continuing to your target text.

Upcoming, quickly browse the target text to produce an idea that is general of safe content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of disagreement or agreement amongst the two texts? Which associated with the lens text’s arguments that are main be employed towards the target text? It could be much easier to give attention to 1 or 2 regarding the lens text’s central arguments.

By using these a few ideas in your mind, return back and see the target text very very carefully, through the lens that is theoretical thinking about the next concerns: Exactly what are the main aspects of the lens text and what exactly are their complementary parts when you look at the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s theoretical language or logic to circumstances when you look at the target text? Is there circumstances in which the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It really is useful to keep a careful, written record of web web page figures, quotes, as well as your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this form of paper relates to a complex synthesis of multiple sources, it really is specially crucial to possess a clear course of action before beginning composing. It might help to cluster quotes or occasions by material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or perhaps change the arguments when you look at the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, a few ideas, and arguments will quickly emerge and you will start drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As the paper involves the interactions that are complex multiple texts, you will need to explain what you should be doing the introduction. Be sure to plainly introduce the lens text and its own certain arguments you is likely to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific activities you’ll be handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, verify it states the points of connection you’ll be talking about, and describes exacltly what the critical or theoretical analysis regarding the target text reveals about the texts.

Composing your body

Your body is where you use certain arguments from the lens text to specific quotes or circumstances within the target text. In each situation, remember to talk about just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or vice versa). Make use of the lens text’s vocabulary and rational framework to examine the mark text, but remember to be clear about where a few ideas into the paper are coming from (the lens text, the prospective text, your personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this kind of analysis, you might be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your personal tips. Since this might be truly easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show helpful. Inside their guide, they state, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to simply help authors participate in unknown kinds of critical discourse that is academic. They encourage students to make use of the templates in almost any ability they find of good use, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them entirely.

right Here we modify their basic template (They say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:

The writer associated with lens text lays down a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the goal text. Certainly, within the target text, one sees that is______, that could be viewed a good example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Consequently, we come across a place of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.

In line with the lens text _______ tends to happen in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the goal text could possibly be considered a case of _______. Nevertheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees ________ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, one could expect you’ll see ________ in the prospective text. Nonetheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a vital point of disagreement. This discord implies that ________. This dilemma is very important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control by which you might be composing. Easily put, that which was the idea of performing your analysis into the beginning? Pleased lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, they do say, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & business, 2007), 2-3.

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